By Mel Leifer • Updated: March 2, 2015
Backgammon from Wikipedia
Article from the free Web encyclopedia that anyone can edit, with translations in more than seventy languages. There is also a Wiktionary glossary of backgammon terms. See the Tables (board game) article for backgammon variants played throughout the world. There are other backgammon portal sites in Bulgarian, Catalan, Dutch, French, German , Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Polish , Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish. For help with translations try Bing or Google.
Extreme Backgammon Web Search
The first backgammon-only search engine on the net. There are webpages with lists of categorized backgammon links in Dutch and Hungarian. If certain links appear to be down, check to see if it's for everyone or just you.
The Usenet newsgroup for unmoderated discussion of all facets of the game. Postings are accessible on the Web at Google Groups and NARKIVE. Some of the better contributions are saved at the Backgammon Galore! Forum Archive. Join the backgammon discussions at Reddit and Twitter. See what players are sharing at Google Plus.
Mark Your Calendar
Carol Joy Cole's lively listing of upcoming backgammon tournaments around the world. Carol also runs the Michigan Summer Championships. Check International Tournament Results for the lists of winners from major events worldwide. For many major US tourneys, final and in-progress results are posted at Backgammon Match Results. Results from some european tournaments may be found at GammonManager.com.
World Backgammon Association
Organization founded by Chiva K. Tafazzoli dedicated to promoting the game internationally which supports the European Backgammon Tour. Follow the WBA and EBGT on Facebook. Chiva is a co-founder of the FT BGsystem Web-based tournament management application.
American Backgammon Tour
Annual backgammon tournament points race with twenty major live events throughout the USA. The Larsen/Silliman U.S. Backgammon Ranking is based on ABT points won by players over the past five years. Follow ABT live tournament action on Facebook and YouTube. ABT events follow U.S. Tournament Rules and Procedures. Before your first ABT tournament it may be helpful to read 31 Things You Need to Know.
U.S. Clock Rules and Procedures
The official set of tournament rules which require the use of clocks with the Simple Delay time control feature. Also see the suggestions on clock ethics. There is a webpage instruction on how to set up an Excalibur GTII timer for backgammon matches.
DGT Web Shop sells a variety of digital timers suitable for backgammon. Some other popular digital game clocks are sold by Chronos, Duel Timer, and ZMartFun. For iPhone/iPod devices the Merkmatics Chess Clock app may be downloaded at iTunes. Some other game timer apps for iPhone/iPod are A1 Game Clock, GameClock Tournament, and Game Time. Free timer apps for Android devices are Backgammon Buddy and Tomas Hubalek's Chess Clock. The free Widows Phone Chess Clock app can be used for backgammon. Free to download is AGClock for Windows, which also includes a scoreboard.
USA Backgammon Clubs
An up-to-date listing with links to websites for active clubs in the United States. A Web-based clubs database is at BackGames.org. The clubs of the United States Backgammon League have free live play tournaments. If there is no club near you, you could start your own. Find other players in your area at a Backgammon Meetup. Use the free web tool Challonge! to generate tournament brackets.
Backgammon by the Bay
Annotated games, problem sets, songs playlist and news about the club in the San Francisco, California area. Newcomers should take the virtual tour of a tournament. In the Los Angeles area, Gammon Associates runs tournaments twice a week. There are also clubs in Orange County and San Diego.
Beltway Backgammon Club
Winners of the 2013 USBGF National Club Team Championship. Sunday afternoon tournaments are held in Vienna, VA, close to the Washington, DC Beltway. The nearby Northern Virginia Backgammon Club has weekly tournaments. In Maryland, bi-weekly tournaments are held at the Baltimore Backgammon Club and DC-Metro Club , and monthly at MDBackgammon.
Vancouver Backgammon Club
Monthly tournaments in British Columbia, Canada. In Quebec, there is Fédération de Backgammon du Québec. The Ottawa Backgammon Club, the oldest in Canada, has a blog. There are social backgammon meetup groups in Calgary and Montreal.
Backgammon Clubs in Europe
A list compiled by European Backgammon News. Some European nations with backgammon association websites are Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovine, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, The Netherlands, Romania, Switzerland, and Turkey. There are also websites for the Russian and Ukrainian Backgammon Federations. Many are member nations of the European Backgammon Federation, which has a page on Facebook. A Web-based clubs database is at BackGames.org. If there is no club near you, you could start your own. Find other players in your area at a Backgammon Meetup.
Backgammon in the British Isles
BIBA, the biggest backgammon body in the United Kingdom, is on Facebook and Twitter. BIBA maintains a club locator page for England, Ireland, and Scotland. The BIBA Tournament Rules and Procedures are here. Another newer organization is the UK Backgammon Federation which has accounts on Facebook and Twitter. Backgammon in London is a confederation of clubs and events. London Players Backgammon League is for individual players. There is a backgammon competition as part of the annual Mind Sports Olympiad held in London. There is a Facebook page for MSO.
Danish Backgammon Federation
Organizers of the Nordic Open tournament. See on Facebook. Every issue since 1989 of the DBGF Gammon magazine is posted online. Other Scandinavian national groups are the Finnish Backgammon Association, Norwegian Backgammon Federation, and Swedish Backgammon Federation.
Japanese Backgammon League
Website with lots of general backgammon information, mostly in Japanese. There is also a Facebook page. The JBL Event Schedule is translated in English. The annual Japan Open in Tokyo is the biggest tournament in Asia. There is a Facebook group for the Japan Open. Watch tournament match videos at the JBL channel, YouTube, and USTREAM. There is also a club in Hong Kong. The Malaysia Backgammon Association is on Facebook.
Australian Backgammon Federation
Association formed to encourage the growth of the game in Australia. The Australian Backgammon League, which organizes mainly online tournaments for players Down Under, has a page on Facebook. There are also Australian FIBS Tournaments. Sydney Backgammon maintains a list of clubs for live play. To find players and tournaments in New Zealand check Backgammon NZ .
Tournament Backgammon on TV
Events of the World Series of Backgammon are broadcast on television in Europe and available as videos on the Vimeo WSOB Channel and via Internet live streaming video at Ustream.tv. Mind Engagement Media specializes in filming backgammon events for television or the Internet. The Backgammon Sportal broadband TV centre features Dod Davies with short video interviews from around the backgammon world. Upload and view newer videos of tournament action at YouTube.
GIANTS of Backgammon
The world's best as voted by tournament directors and other championship-level players. There is a megalist page with a compilation of all the results from the top 32 voting from 1993 to 2009. Some Giants past and present who have their own websites include Nack Ballard, Gus Hansen, Jake Jacobs, Mochy, Karsten Nielsen, Jacob Rice, and Elliot Winslow. There is a six part YouTube documentary about Matvey "Falafel" Natanzon.
Backgammon Masters Awarding Body
The BMAB confers mastership titles and proficiency level certificates based on calculated error rate performance (using eXtremeGammon) in live clocked matches in tournament conditions.
Internet Backgammon Database
Collection of profiles of players who compete in live tournaments around the world. Roland Herrera has created a portrait gallery of prominent international tournament players. See Max's Album for 100 backgammon photos from the 1970's and '80's. Some other sites with pictures from tournaments years ago are BackGam.com, Backgammon Central, Bg-Info, and GammonLife.
A large categorized collection of computer-analyzed positions and problems. Follow Checkerplay on Facebook. BGtrain is another free interactive website with a large database of positions, which is also on Facebook. For study and reference you can store positions on your iPhone/ iPod touch with the Backgammon Position Cards application.
Position of the Day
Blog of interesting positions analyzed by Chris Bray, backgammon correspondent for The Independent newspaper in the UK. Chris also posts the ABF Position of the Week and he has an account on twitter. There are website flash cards to study the best plays for 150 postions. You can download pdf files to print position cards. Gamer Cafe has a free online position evaluator.
Backgammon for Beginners
A tutorial (and perhaps a refresher for some) by Michael Crane of BIBA. Sean Williams of UKBGF has posted Five Ways to Improve your Backgammon. Some other valuable tips on strategy are posted at the websites of experts Michael Bo, Tak Morioka, and Piranha. Instructional blogs are posted by Robert Andersson, Backgammon for Beginners, Backgammon Camp, Big Money Bill, The Dorbel Daily, DouglasZare, Dubrovnik, Examiner, GammonGo, Nori and Richi.
Website with short interactive topical lessons for all skill levels taught by the champions at MindGamesCenter. The Backgammon Learning Center offers lessons taught by Phil Simborg and other expert tournament players. Follow The Backgammon Learning Center on Facebook for pointers and the latest tournament news.
Lessons by Mochy
Slide presentations as given by World Champion Masayuki Mochizuki at various tournaments. Video lessons taught by Mochy and other champions are available at the Back-Gammon.TV website, Facebook page, and as an iPhone/iPad/iPod app. Also see Mochy's blogs Backgammon Study and Backgammon Today .
FlashBack Free backgammon flash cards for learning at all levels by Jeremy Bagai for Android and iOS devices. Download the free Cram.com mobile app to study or create Backgammon flashcards on your phone. To use your Android device for training there are Cube Trainer, Pip Counter, and Last Roll apps developed by gammonfreak.
Online discussions hosted by Stick Rice with participation by many other expert tournament players. The Two Plus Two backgammon forum features commentary by former World Champion Bill Robertie. MindGames Center has instructions on how to post position diagrams from bots for discussion in forums and blogs. For German speakers, there is Hardy's Backgammon Forum. There are also active discussion forums in Danish, Italian, and Japanese.
GammOnLine Article Index
Archive of articles published between 1999 and 2003 at GammOnLine, the online magazine founded and formerly edited by Kit Woolsey. Subscribers to Kit's GammonU can retrieve past issues, post messages to the discussion board forum and take part in interactive online matches (OLM) versus Kit.
The Opening Rolls
Computer rollouts by Stick Rice for the best way to play the first three moves. Also see the analyses by Acepoint, Murat Akcan, APBG.net, Mick Dyett, eXtreme Gammon, Tim Chow, Tom Keith, Christian Liebe-Harcort, Phil Simborg, and Wikipedia. There are website flashcards to help you learn to play the best second roll responses against splits and with doubles. Backgammon Openings Strategy is an app for Blackberry. Also see the program Opening Ceremony of Backgammon. Nack Ballard and Paul Weaver wrote Backgammon Openings Book A.
The Pip Count
Michael Crane reviews various methods for easier and faster counting. Also see the counting and race analysis techniques of Art Benjamin, Dean Gay, Jack Kissane, Nigel Merrigan, Axel Reichert, Jean-Luc Seret, Sho Sengoku, Edward O. Thorp, Bob Townsend, Walter Trice, and Doug Zare. Need to practice? Pipcounter for Backgammon is an Android app for that.
Zare Race Database
The program by Douglas Zare for studying bearoff and longer race positions has a free trial version. Mochy has posted his slideshow lesson on Bear off cube action. François Tardieu has Bearoff Tips at DMP. Matussek shows how to calculate Game Winning Chance for bearoffs. For bearoffs with up to nine checkers per side, the free Exact Bearoff program by MDG Software calculates the percentages. Acepoint's Home has bearoff analysis for three vs.three checker positions. For 15x15 positions there is the Bearoff Equities set of DVD's by Hugh Sconyers with calculated bearoff equities and backgame probabilities. A training app for Android is 1 Roll Bearoff.
Match Equity Table
Find your percentage chances of winning from any match score as calculated by Kit Woolsey. Other tables in use are Mec26 and Rockwell-Kazaross. Applications of the table data are discussed by Tom Keith, Fabrice Liardet, and Stephen Turner.
Database of BG Matches
Download or upload recorded matches to Othello's large online collection. Also replay the championship matches at Hardy's Match Archive. Watch matches in your browser from Paul's Backgammon Vaults with BG Replay.
Backgammon in London Quizzes
Test your knowledge with these challenging problems. There are more quizzes at Checkerplay Challenge, GammonLuck, and TheDoublingCube. Serge Nicholas has posted in French a ten position Test.
Download and install the free open source neural net software for championship-level play and analysis. The program has precompiled versions for Windows and MacOS X and also runs on Linux and Sun Solaris. Additional information may be found at the GNU Backgammon portal. User help is available from acepoint's home, All About GNU, Documentation Wiki, German Tutorial, Ken Larsen, Guided Tour, and the Japanese FAQ. Report bugs or wishes here. So what is GNU?
World-class artificial intelligence-based game player and analysis tool for Windows OS and as an online opponent at the GammonSite server. For play and analysis on mobile devices there is XG Mobile for Apple iOS and Android. Ken Larsen provides User help. Follow on Facebook and Twitter.
Neural net backgammon player which has won the Gold Medal at the Computer Olympiad. Replay saved games and calculate cube strategy for matches with this versatile Java application which runs on Windows, Macintosh OS 9/X and Linux. Features include real-time tutor, Dailygammon support and Longgammon. "The Swiss-Army knife for backgammon." Download photorealistic themes and boards from DC Backgammon. There is a BGBlitz page in Japanese. A version for cell phones and other mobile devices is BGBlitz2Go. Read an article about the making of BGBlitz2Go.
A neural net-based shareware Windows game program. Other artificial intelligence shareware game programs for Windows are 3D Backgammon, Backgammon Classic 7.2, Bob's Backgammon 2.0, and Snowie. The freeware Quick Backgammon by Geert Verkade for Windows PC has a separate Random Rolls Creator file to download. There is also a version to buy for Windows phone. The free Monte Carlo neural net player also has a Backgammon-To-Lose version.
Play on the Web against an evolved neural network computer. The training of HC-Gammon at Brandeis University is discussed in the Wired magazine article "In Search of the Electronic Brain.". Also try the free online GAMMONLAB interactive board for neural net analysis of positions and your online matches. Java-based Web computer players which require no download are by-art.com, David's Backgammon, Great Day Games, Inertron, and Motif.
The first expert-level neural network program, which was developed in 1992 by Gerald Tesauro for the IBM OS/2 operating system only. Read more about TD-Gammon and the early programs inspired by it, such as JellyFish, at Jay Scott's the neural net backgammon programs. Mark Higgins discusses his own attempt to build a neural network-based bot at Computational Backgammon.
Though multiplayer backgammon and other classic parlor games have been discontinued, there is still a Quick Play Flash version to compete against the computer. Yahoo!Games hosts its own sites for backgammon Answers, Groups, and News.
Shareware program by StrongGames which offers a choice of opponents: human, computer or network game over LAN. Other programs with this feature are Romar BackGammon and TLK 3D Backgammon Unlimited.
Download the Windows or Macintosh version of David Byrum's shareware game program with speech recognition capability. David's Absolute Backgammon works with all versions of Mac OS X and there is an iTunes app for iPad. Other backgammon game programs playable on Macs are BGBlitz, Backgammon Premium, Hardwood Backgammon, and Masters of Backgammon.
Game application developed by Tom Keith for iPhone,iPod touch, and iPad. Read Tom's article. Other computer opponents for Apple mobile devices are Art Deco Backgammon 3D, Backgammon by George, Backgammon Gold, Backgammon Guru Pro, Backgammon NJ, Backgammon Pro, Backgammon Professional, Masters of Backgammon, Pocket Backgammon, and XG Mobile.
True Backgammon HD for iPad
Download the fully featured game app in English and German for play against the computer (BGBlitz) or against a friend. Other game apps for iPad are Backgammon Guru Pro, Backgammon NJ HD, and XG Mobile.
Backgammon for Android
Shop the Google play store for many game apps to download. Also for Android see Backgammon NJ, Backgammon Pro II, and XG Mobile. GameColony has a free Backgammon GC app for Android phones and tablets.
Backgammon for Windows Phone
Backgammon, tavla, tavli and dice apps to download. Some are free.
Backgammon for E-readers
Compulab True Backgammon is a game for Amazon Kindle e-reader devices. Apps for the Barnes and Noble NOOK include Agile Fusion Backgammon, Silver Creek Hardwood, and Backgammon NJ for Android.
Download a free J2ME game for playing on your telephone against a computer or another player on the same phone. Other wireless games for various handsets with these features are by BGBlitz2Go, Logler, Odesys, and Umnet. Playscreen offers free no-download Mobile Web Backgammon for one player or two on the same device.
FIBS Home Page
Official website for the free cross-platform backgammon server created in 1992 by Andreas (marvin) Schneider. To play, use the Telnet DNS address fibs.com:4321 or download one of the graphical interfaces. You can also use the java applet registration tool. Check the current FIBS connection status at FIBS Board or at FIBSdotcom on Twitter. If FIBS is down, try the free TigerGammon server, which works with the FIBS-compatible graphical clients.
Forum for discussions, news, pictures, archived files and online tournaments. Follow FIBSdotcom on Twitter. You can help edit the FIBS Wiki. For tournament information check FibsLeaGammon. Is FIBS an experimental tool for the study of induced dysfunction?
Download the free Windows graphical client, formerly known as 3DFiBs and FiBzilla, for play on FIBS and offline against the GnuBG bot. The GreedyGammon client may also be used to play on TigerGammon. Other free clients are C4FIBS, DelFibs, Gibbon, RealFIBS and the original, FIBS/W. The shareware Beggar's Backgammon Terminal is a Windows-based graphical client by Gamer Cafe for play on FIBS. The free FibsCE client was created for handheld computers with the Windows CE operating system.
Multi-platform Java-powered graphical interface for FIBS which works with Windows, MacOS, Linux, Solaris, AIX and OS/2. See the How to connect page. Watch the JavaFIBS video tutorials for beginner and more advanced users. The JavaFIBS client may also be used to play on TigerGammon. The free ParlorPlay browser-based client interface works with Windows, Mac and Linux and requires no download or Java. MacGammon Online is an OSX FIBS client.
PadGammon (Backgammon Online HD)
Download the first Internet-capable FIBS app for iPhone/iPod Touch/iPad. To play on FIBS or TigerGammon on Android devices there is Alcacoop Backgammon Mobile ONLINE. A FIBS client is included with BGBlitz2Go 2.1.0 for most mobile phones which support Java. Client programs for mobile phones with Java/MIDP support are Odesys Backgammon 3.0, MobileBG FIBS, and MobileFIBS.
Download the MS Windows or Mac OSx software to play backgammon and other games for free, including the only programmed NO HIT Backgammon game available. There are leagues and ladders. Tournaments are run by GammonZone, Mountain Backgammon, SimmplyGammon, and World League Backgammon.
Download the Windows client software to play or watch for free. Many of the world's top tournament players compete regularly here, including many who formerly played at GameAccount GamesGrid, when it was still available to players in the USA and other countries. GridGammon is the Internet host for European Backgammon Internet Federation (EBIF) and International Backgammon Championship tournaments.
Play backgammon for free or as a paid member using GameSite 2000 software. You can also play the hypergammon, long gammon and nackgammon variations. eXtreme Gammon is an expert-level resident neural network player. Online head-to-head play, leagues and tournaments for money are hosted by Gammon Ventures.
A free multiplatform backgammon server. The variants nackgammon and hypergammon are also available. TigerGammon uses clients compatible to the Fibs-interface, such as JavaFibs for all platforms, GreedyGammon for Windows, and BackgammonMobile for Android. Follow TigerGammon on Facebook and Twitter.
Play backgammon games and tournaments for real money. Another site which features cash play is BackgammonMasters. Internet gambling In the United States is regulated according to the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006.
Play backgammon or acey deucey against real people for free or real money. It also pays to play fee-based tournament backgammon and the many other games at GameDesire, Ladbrokes, Royal Games, and Rubl. The Greentube network of skill games offers backgammon at Digibet, Skill7, and StarGames. The GameColony play site also has a free Backgammon GC app for Android phones and tablets.
MoneyGaming / GameAccount
AdobeFlash multiplayer backgammon and other games for free or money. GameAccount.com has now joined MoneyGaming. Note: GameAccount prohibits access to players in the USA and some other countries. Other backgammon play sites which are part of the Game Account Network and may be restricted in your country are GamesGrid, MoneyGaming, and Worldgammon.
Free Java-based site to play backgammon and other games. For backgammon room backdoors look here. Other free Java-based multiplayer games sites with backgammon are Agam, FlyOrDie, Games.com, GamePoint, GameTwist, GameVelvet, Nidink, PlayOK, Spigo, and ZooEscape. Download the free Onlinebandit software to chat and play backgammon and other games. Download the VPChat client software for chat and to play backgammon and acey-deucy.
Vinco Online Games (VOG)
Download the client software designed for the Microsoft Internet Explorer browser to play backgammon and other games for free. The available variations include acey-deucey, gul bara (crazy narde), hypergammon, long gammon, nackgammon, narde (feuga), and tapa.
Free single player and multiplayer Internet backgammon using Adobe Flash. Novel Games also has the variants Gul Bara and Tapa. Another free Flash site requiring no game download is GamesGames. To play backgammon at MSN Games, you must use the Internet 7 or later browser.
Play either by yourself against the computer or online anytime with people everywhere. From Silvercreek Entertainment with downloads for Windows, Mac OSX, iPad/iPhone, Android, Kindle Fire, Nook, and XBox 360. Earn Achievments for outstanding single player or XBox Live play.
Free correspondence gaming for backgammon and other games. The free turn-based (non-realtime) backgammon at It's Your Turn is similar to playing by e-mail but using a graphical Web interface which requires no download or Java. Other free turn-based playsites are BrainKing, GoldToken, Pocket-Monkey(tm), Turn Play, and YourTurnMyTurn. Backgammon at GameTable Online may be played as an Async Game. Richard's PBeM Server offers free backgammon, deadgammon, grandgammon, hypergammon, moloko, moultezim, nackgammon, plakoto, savoy and spiro via e-mail. You can convert game records to text format usable by Snowie and Gnu Bg.
PlayGem Social Backgammon
Available on Facebook to play for free against your friends. Some other free backgammon game apps on Facebook are Backgammon Arena, Backgammon Plus, Backgammon Pro, Backgammon Live, CityGammon, Live Challenge, Pasha, Real Gammon Tavla, SheshBesh, Tavla, and Tavla Plus.
Apple Game Center
Download the FaceMe Backgammon app by Quatrian to play on the multiplayer social gaming network for iOS devices. Other apps to download for play at Apple Game Center are Backgammon for Masters and Trivial Technology Backgammon. Backgammon NJ has a Game Center FAQ.
Backgammon Blitz for PlayStation
Online multiplayer or single local game program to download with versions for Sony PS4. Online multiplayer also requires a PlayStation®Plus subscription.
European Backgammon Internet Federation
Internet based organisation which provides a framework to participating European nations to organise and manage online National Championship tournaments. The EBIF provides and maintains a database of error-rate based performance ratings for all players participating in international EBIF events.
Challenge ladders and leagues for various backgammon servers are listed here and at MyLeague.com. Winsome's blog has An Introduction to Case's. Free tournament-based online leagues are also listed at Eliters.
"A Prime Source of Backgammon Information." Free online material. Download for free the final issue of the print version. Back issues of the online version are stored here and here. Follow Editor and tournament director Bill Davis on Twitter and Facebook.
Bi-monthly magazine of the British Isles Backgammon Association which is available in a full-colour PDF version.
A compilation by Art Grater of books, articles and dissertations. Also see Hardy's Bibliography of books published either in English or German. For further information and reviews see Backgammon Galore! Books. Read previews of books that mention "backgammon" at Google Books. Search library catalogs worldwide at WorldCat. To purchase old, rare and out-of-print backgammon books search the current inventories at AbeBooks, Biblio, and ZVAB.
The Gammon Press
Bill Robertie's website sells books by Bill and other authors. Cardoza also publishes books by Bill Robertie. The 2004 edition of Backgammon by Paul Magriel is published by Clock and Rose Press. Backgammon Giants Nack Ballard and Paul Weaver co-authored a book on Backgammon Openings. There is a large collection of amusing puzzles in Backgammon Funfair by Raymond Kershaw. Chris Bray is the author of Backgammon for Dummies. Books by Chris Bray and Danny Kleinman can be purchased at Lulu.com. Also see Jeremy Bagai's Fortuitous Press and Mike Corbett Books. Compare prices from many online stores for new and used books at AddALL, AllBookstores, BooksPrice, FetchBook, and Powell's.
Download for free the 95-page electronic book by Stefan Gueth, How to become a Backgammon Hog. Another free book to download in pdf format is Everday Errors in Checker Pay by Dr. Baron Gossett Euler. There is a free open-content backgammon Web textbook at Wikibooks. Also check the many backgammon eBook titles available for Kindle and Nook e-reader devices.
"The Chaos of the Dice"
"A backgammon hustler’s quest to gain an edge." Profile of Falafel was published in The New Yorker magazine. Il Post has an article about Falafel in Italian. The article "Backgammon Hustler" is from Cigar Aficionado magazine. Find more articles about backgammon to read for a fee at HighBeam Research and NewspaperARCHIVE. Also check Google News and Topix for news articles that mention backgammon. Search for technical journal articles with Google Scholar.
Publish your own backgammon writings with this free online tool to generate board diagram images suitable for printing and inserting into other documents, including webpages. You can Generate a Backgammon Board Interactively with GABBI or bglog by Simon Woodhead. Other tools are APBG.net Board Diagrams and Backgammon Board Service. MindGames Center has instructions on how to post position diagrams from bots for discussion in forums and blogs. Use the Monte Carlo font to create backgammon diagrams in either the TrueType or PostScript format for Mac or Windows. There is a backgammon-inspired typeface called Tavla. BG Replay is a system for publishing backgammon games and lessons on the Web.
Visit the online store for a wide selection of top brand boards, books, software, and accessories. Other sources to purchase backgammon merchandise online are Carol Joy Cole's Backgammon a La Carte and the Backgammon Shop of Chris Ternel.
Custom Built Backgammon
Order a set individually handcrafted by CBB. Custom boards may also be ordered from Alexandra, Brahma Boards, CustomMade Ventures, Emmanuel David, Erhan 869bg, FM Gammon, FTH Backgammon, Hampden Designs, Geoffrey Parker, Pickett, and Svilen Todorov.
Leather attaché case sets in many sizes with the famous Svilo dice cups designed and hand made in Bulgaria by Svilen Todorov. Other top quality leather briefcase style sets are sold online by Aspinal of London, Asprey, Brazilian, Gammoner, Ghurka, Hackett, Genesis Naylor, Geoffrey Parker, Pickett, Renzo Romagnoli, Hector Saxe, Scully & Scully, T.Anthony, William & Son, Wycliffe Brothers®, Zaza & Sacci, and Zontik Games.
Manufacturers of attaché and tabletop backgammon sets and accessories in the USA since 1948. Custom boards are painted and designed by Allie Surdoval. Follow Crisloid on Facebook. Crisloid sets with cork playing surfaces are also sold online at Zontik Games.
Elegant and functional two layer glass table by Sonné. Also see the game tables at Abax, Acrila, Amy Art, Art Deco Collection, Thos. Baker , Bello Games, Biasov, Christina Boy, Chess Express, Dartbrook Rustic, Hardwood Creations, Emmanuel David, Deuce, Dot & Bo, John Foster, Don Frost Sculptor, Gasperetti, Gracious Style, Hamilton, HandmadeTables, Hayneedle, JaMar, Joss & Main, Mark Lackley, Linley, Alexandra Llewellyn, MacGregor, Malachite Art, Phil Manker, Modern Rust, Morini, Oomph, Geoffrey Parker, Darrell Peart, Perczek, PlazaGallery, Hector Saxe, ShopLadder, Skolnik-London, The Source Collection, Stars Art and Design, Sun Valley Woodworks, Western Art and Architecture, and Wood Expressions.
One-piece bag and attached full-sized cloth board combination design. Other roll-up travel sets are sold online at Aspinal of London, Assignment Whisper, Crisloid, Harley Davidson, Gatogi, Thomas Lyte, Packgammon, Pickett, Rooktown Rose & Pentagram, Smythson, Sondergut, A Summer Shop, Under Cover UK, Wood Expressions, and Wrapgammon™. For a really big game roll out the Jaques canvas Giant Outdoor Set.
Diamond Backgammon Board
The world's most expensive backgammon set. Geoffrey Parker's most expensive backgammon set costs $387,890. Parker also makes a Bentley backgammon set. The Renault F1 carbon fiber set is made with sterling silver and Formula One racecar materials. There are also Ferrari and Lotus carbon fiber sets. A malachite backgammon box with bronze decorations is sold by Malachite Art. The Masque de femme Lalique set in leather printed croco black has clear crystal playing pieces. Acrylic attache sets are made by AVF and Daniel Chadwick. Jonathan Adler makes a lacquer set. Other unusual but much less expensive sets are made using cigar boxes, embroidery, hand printing, marbles, salt crystals, sponge, and terracotta tiles. Also see the Backgammon in the round board.
Backgammon Virtual Museum
Web exhibit of unusual old sets curated by the Waterloo Museum of Games. Rare antique backgammon sets are bought and sold online at Antique Chess Shop and 1stdibs. For fine continental antique game tables search French Accents.
Build Your Own Board
How to make a wooden backgammon game. There are more woodworking plans for boards at eHow, Instructables, LumberJocks, Simply Rurban , U-bild, and Woodcraft. Or you can build a set from LEGOs. HGTV has free directions for making a fused glass set. There is also a printable board to download. You can even make a simple game board using duct tape or an Altoids tin.
Stitch Your Own Board
Ann Cram Designs has several handpainted needlepoint canvases for backgammon boards. For other sewing patterns see Art Needlepoint, Cross Stitch Stash, Deux Bijoux Bijoux, House of Stitches , Past Times, Pepita, Susan Roberts, Robin's Design, Sudberry House, and Zecca. You can also knit your own board with patterns from Knitwhits and Ravelry. A pattern for a knitted afghan is at Woollythoughts. DIY Network has video instructions for a knitted board bag. Patterns for quilted boards are available online from Curiosity.
The Backgammon Store
One of the many websites to shop for boards and accessories. Some of the others are Ancient Games, BackgammonFunStore, BackgammonHellas, Bello Games, Cambor Games, Compleat Gamester, Hayneedle, Hoyle's, David Levy, Mall Domino, PokerChest, Sonné, and Yenigun.
Your Move Chess and Games
Shop from the selection of backgammon sets and accessories at the website of America's largest chess store. In Canada, Village Games sells a very wide range of backgammon sets from its large Toronto showroom/store and over the Internet. You can also find backgammon boards to buy online at Chess Express, Chess Forum, and London Chess and Bridge.
Akspiele Classic Games
Extensive Web catalog of backgammon boards and accessories from Germany. Other German websites with boards and dice for sale are Denkspiele24, KATOCO, and Weible Spiele. Also visit Columbus, the Austrian online games shop. The Swedish store Gammon Games also sells backgammon products online.
Backgammon Online Auction
For older, hard-to-find equipment, place your bid at eBay or buy it now from there. Buy and sell vintage and handmade items at Etsy. There is a community marketplace for backgammon items at Backgammon Curious. Also browse the boards and tables for sale at Amazon and Google Shopping. You may need a currency converter.
Backgammon Sets for Tablet Computers
Download the Sushi Backgammon theme board app to play against a friend on your iPad. Also see Backgammon Board HD for iPad. To play on Android tablet or mobile phone download the Freeform Backgammon board app from the Amazon Appstore or the Google Play Store. A board app for Blackberry is Old City Backgammon.
Add the Michael Bo Backgammon Scoreboard to your set. There are also versions of BGScore for Android and iOS devices. The app has a page on Facebook. Also see the Svilo Scoreboard.
Are the Dice Fair?
Read about how the random online dice rolls are generated for Ariston, Backgammon NJ, BackgammonMasters, BGBlitz, BGBlitz2go, DailyGammon, GamesByEmail, GammonSite, It's Your Turn, MSN Games, and MobileBG. Compare statistics for actual dice rolls on Ariston, FIBS, GammonSite, Motif, and Safe Harbor Games. Fill out the Official Complaint Form.
The fairest-rolling dice. Puchase online at Bello Games, BgShop, Dice Games, Gammon Press, GammonCity, Gammoner, GammonVillage, Koplow Games, Novadice, Hector Saxe, Svilo, Village Games, and Zontik Games. Zontik also sells luxurious non-precision Swarovski crystal studded dice with an alligator carrying case.
The Meyer Dice Tube
Instead of using a rolling cup give your dice a fair shake by flipping the closed clear tube with 13 rubber rods inside. See the advantages of this method for playing backgammon. Watch a video demonstration. An alternative rolling device is the baffle box, which may be purchased from Essential Backgammon. There is also an clear acrylic version, so you can watch the dice tumble.
Web Dice Roller
Random.org has virtual dice whose randomness comes from atmospheric noise. Other free online dice simulators are Roll Dice Online and Virtual Dice Roll. The PBM Dice Server uses a MD5-based random number generator to provide impartial dice rolls for players of board games by mail. My Dice is an app for iPhone. For Windows Phones there are RollDice and DiceCup apps. A free shaking roller app for Blackberry is Dice . Build your own very random electronic dice for use at home or in the car with the Velleman Dual Electronic Dice kit.
Home page for the algorithm used by many backgammon programs as a pseudorandom number generator for dice rolls.
Dice and the Laws of Probability
A lesson by Edward D. Collins from Ed's ever-growing Backgammon Page. Paul Stephen's Dice rolls and probability illustrates the odds. Roll the dice online to demonstrate the Central Limit Theorem. Also see the MathWorld Dice article and Dice by Joe Celko. Read about dice coordinate systems. Examples of very unfair dice are at Gambling Collectibles and Highland Games.
Backgammon on YouTube
Watch backgammon videos with the Back-Gammon.tv iTunes app. Other places to broadcast and view videos of lessons and tournament action are eHow, Mashpedia, MonkeySee, MySuperTV, Ustream.tv, Vimeo, and Yahoo!. There are video lessons by Mochy and other champions at Back-Gammon.TV. Mind Engagement Media, which specializes in filming backgammon events for television and the Internet, is on Facebook and Twitter.
Picsearch results for online pictures and animations. Other sources for image searches across the Internet are Ask, Bing, blekko, Google, Wikimedia, and Yahoo! Also search the photo collections at BoardGameGeek, Can Stock Photo, Clipart, Corbis, Dreamstime, Extreme Backgammon, Flickr, Flickriver, Fotosearch, GettyImages, GoGraph, Google+, Iconosquare, Image Source, Inmagine, Instagram, iStockphoto, PBase, Photobucket, Photos.com , Pinterest, ShutterStock, SmugMug, Thinkstock, Tumblr, and Twicsy.
BG Art Gallery
Images collected by Marinni of backgammon scenes in famous old paintings. Hardy has posted many images of backgammon in advertisements. Other online collections of art about backgammon may be found at AllPosters, ARC, Art.com, Art Prints on Demand, Artcyclopedia, Artsy, Bridgeman, Canvaz, Fine Art America, NiceArtGallery, Printfinders, The Origin of Backgammon, Redbubble, Svilo's Gallery, and Wikigallery. Artists Ara and Jack Peterson have created many colorful wooden backgammon boards. DeviantART, is "the world's largest online art community."
Backgammon T-Shirts and Gifts
Backgammon designs printed on clothing, coasters, iPhone cases, mousepads, mugs, tote bags and other items are sold online at Cafe Press, Idakoos, and Zazzle. Shop online for backgammon tee shirts at Cruelest Game, eXtreme Gammon, Gaming Goodies, and Spreadshirt. Backgammon-theme jewelry and accessories are for sale at BackgammonElegance.
Tabular History of Backgammon
Hardy Hübener's illustrated history of the game in English and German. The Origin of Backgammon website traces in English and French the ancestors of backgammon since 1130 which use the same starting position as the modern game. James Masters' brief Backgammon History has Japanese and Spanish translations. Bill Davis has gathered the known historical facts on Backgammon and Doubling.
The Sumerian Royal Game of Ur is the oldest known board game. You can play Ur at the Tams11 multiplayer Gaming Lobby. The ancient Egyptians played Senet, which is another possible ancestor of modern backgammon. There are Senet Deluxe apps for iPad and iPhone. The British Museum website has free Adobe Shockwave two player versions of Ur and Senet. Novel Games has free flash multiplayer versions of the Royal Game of Ur and Senet. There are also game programs to download for The Royal Game of Ur and Senet. A Norse version of Senet is Valhalla. Read more about the history of both of these ancient games at Lucky Dogs Games
The ancient Romans played the board game tabula, which evolved from Ludus Duodecim Scriptorum. Try the game Duodecim Scripta yourself for free online at Novel Games. For Apple mobile devices there is a Roman Backgammon app to download. Also see Games of the Viking & Anglo-Saxon Age for a version played during the Roman Iron Age. Some old Asian versions of the game are saka, ssang-ryouk and sugoroku.
Rules for some of the more recent ancestors of modern backgammon, as reconstructed from their descriptions in books from the seventeenth century. Also see the old games of dublets and ticktack. The Swedish -Tables Association seeks to rekindle interest in a seventeenth century version of the board game. The Edmond Hoyle blog by David Levy discusses eighteenth century backgammon and other games.
The Trictrac Home Page
David Levy's exploration of the game which was popular in French society prior to the revolution. Also see Le jeu de Trictrac. Soumille is the the First Trictrac Program. The free TricTracManiac program plays by Dutch rules. The game of Jacquet was started around 1800 with the decline of trictrac.
History of the Greek game with the variations known as portes, feyga and plakoto. Also see Games of Crete. To play the three Greek games against the computer, try the Web applet at Moja Grecja or download the Leon or Palamedes Windows programs. Palamedes also has an Android download and a page on Facebook. Play plakoto(tapa) on Apple devices with Dortia. For Blackberry devices there is iTavli . There is multiplayer Tavli at GamesFair. Single player Tavli3d is free to download. The World Tavli Championship Challenge club is in Florida.
Play online against the computer at Fuzztak.com in English and Arabic. Tawle contains three different versions of backgammon, the most popular ones in the Middle East: Sheish Beish, Ma7booseh, and 31. For Apple devices there are Tawle and Tawla apps. There is a free Tawla (Mahboseh) app to download for Blackberry devices.
The rules according to Hoyle for a variation which has been popular in the U.S.Navy . There is an AceyDeucey game for Android devices. Download the shareware Absolute Acey Deucey for Macintosh OS X and iPad. Play the game online at Games4money, VOG, or VPchat and elsewhere. There is also a Java version of Acey Deucy which you can use to play online against a friend or computer opponent.
Computer oppponent by Hugh Sconyers for the variation played with only three checkers per side. CD-ROM may be ordered from Backgammon A La Carte. You can also play the game at various online playsites. Another three checker variant is Nannon by professor Jordan Pollack, which uses a pocket size six-point board. You can try the game for free online against the computer AI. There is also a Nannon app to download for iPhone and iPad. The game Blockade requires sixteen checkers per player and uses only half of the backgammon board. Rowena is played with three dice and five extra checkers per side.
Basic rules for a form of backgammon played by three or more. Other versions of the rules appear on the pages of ABA, Bg ACT, CBC , L.A., MSN Games, Wikibooks, and Wikipedia. Also see a set of rules for a chouette tournament. Printable chouette scoresheets are available for free download from BPC Chicago, CBC , and Greg Cattanach. To help you keep score for up to ten players there is the Chouette Calculator software by Gamer Cafe.
Facebook page for the online group game where up to six players can play on the same board as individuals or as teams. There is also a Backgammon Wars Group Tavla app for Android. Another partners game is Doubles Backgammon. A variation playable by three people at once is Trigammon. Games for four individual players are Circle Gammon, Quadgammon, and Quadragammon. Zodiac is a seven-player variant from the 13th century played with three seven-sided dice.
"Skill-oriented" variant by GSN WorldWinner for free online play against a computer-controlled opponent. There is no doubling and no dice rolling. Instead, players chose their rolls from among a small pre-selected set.
Board game patented by Scott D. Pardee, which combines elements of backgammon, checkers, and chess. Online there is a Chebache discussion group. Some other hybrid backgammon games include Chessgammon, diceless backgammon, domino backgammon, gamma chess, NC-Backgammon, and wargammon.
Article on a variant game with a rules change for the dice throws, whereby a player can roll to cancel all or part of an opponent's roll. To play the Eskgammon variation, switch one of each player's dice to a ten-sided (d10) die. Non-traditional boards are used to play Quackgammon, Savoy, and Twistgammon. Martian Backgammon, IceGammon and Kotra are Icehouse Games.